The striking diet of the Island of Crete lipid nutrition
Some speculate that White racism developed because of a need to salve a wounded conscience because of the atrocities committed in the Americas, and the subsequent trade in sub-Saharan slaves. Therefore Whites could continue the fantasy of thinking of themselves as an enlighten and advanced people. And it was indeed a fantasy; contrary to the contrivances of modern White historians: Whites in Europe had failed miserably at building upon the advanced civilizations that they had taken, by force, from the original Black inhabitants. No device, no science, and no art, of the Classical Greek or Roman Empires, can be shown to have not existed elsewhere first. Previous to the wealth taken from the Americas, and the industrial revolution of the s: Europe was a decease ravaged and laggard land; comprised of kingdoms made up mostly of destitute peasantry. Up until the time of the industrial revolution, White Europe had produced absolutely no advancement of any kind. D, Egypt was under Greek control at that time. Gunpowder seems to have been co-invented by the Chinese and the Indians — around A.
The Beginnings of Maritime Travel
From then on Cephalonia and Ithaca remained part of the Stato da Mar of the Venetian Republic until its very end, following the fate of the Ionian islands , completed by the capture of Lefkas from the Turks in The Treaty of Campoformio dismantling the Venetian Republic awarded the Ionian Islands to France , a French expeditionary force with boats captured in Venice taking control of the islands in June Because of the liberal situation on the island, the Venetian governor Marc’Antonio Giustiniani — printed Hebrew books and exported them to the whole eastern mediterranean.
In the Venetians built the Assos Castle , one of Cephalonia’s main tourist attractions today.
The island was largely spared the fighting, until the armistice with Italy concluded by the Allies in September
A blog reviewing recent archaeological publications having to do with Paleolithic archaeology, paleoanthropology, lithic technology, hunter-gatherers and archaeological theory. Thursday, August 19, The final? This is a topic that was discussed at length on this blog, in several posts that generated a large amount of comments a few months back. The sticking point of all the arguments concerned the chronology of the handaxes, so without further ado, here’s the money quote Strasser et al.
Additionally complicating the issue are the small number of sites, the lack of excavation, and the impact of modern development on the area, which has destroyed many sites. Several approaches to dating were attempted, and our research on this topic continues. At Preveli 2, east of the Preveli Gorge, Palaeolithic artifacts are associated with a flight of marine terraces resulting from relatively high sea levels in the Pleistocene that were preserved by subsequent rock uplift.
The higher terraces, at 59 and 96 masl, are unquestionably older. Assuming similar rates of rock uplift 1. This correlation provides an approximate age for the lithic artifacts.
A Melanesian island with the two oldest Lapita sites, dating to BP. There are house posts, plant remains, Lapita pottery , and evidence of shell artifact making as well as obsidian from Talasea and Lou. The basis for this technique is that a uranium isotope, U , as well as decaying to a stable lead isotope, also undergoes spontaneous fission. One in every two million atoms decays in this way.
Fission is accompanied by an energy release which sends the resulting two nuclei into the surrounding material, the tracks causing damage to the crystal lattice. These tracks can be counted under a microscope after the polished surface of the sample has been etched with acid.
They also carved ivory female figurines in the round which are worthy of comparison with similar artistic products of Egypt, and not always to their disadvantage.
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A Very Remote Period Indeed: The final () word on those handaxes from Crete
The earliest evidence for it appears to be that available from Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia, but seafarers colonized also numerous other islands and one continent during the Pleistocene. These early technological feats of hominins provide a reliable measure of their technological limits, and indirectly about their cognitive faculties as well. To explore these aspects, the First Mariners Project conducts numerous experiments, some of which are briefly described in this paper.
The implications of its findings for the first colonization of the Americas are also considered. Introduction The maritime history of humanity commenced not a few thousand years ago, as traditional nautical archaeology has tended to assume, but more than a hundred times as long ago Sondaar et al. Archaeological data from Wallacea Indonesia have shown that the history of seafaring began in the late part of the Early Pleistocene, at least ka , years ago.
In , there were Jews in the city of Candia , about seven percent of the city’s population.
Economy of Greece The economy of Crete is predominantly based on services and tourism. However, agriculture also plays an important role and Crete is one of the few Greek islands that can support itself independently without a tourism industry. Although an emphasis remains on agriculture and stock breeding, because of the climate and terrain of the island, there has been a drop in manufacturing, and an observable expansion in its service industries mainly tourism-related. As in many regions of Greece, viticulture and olive groves are significant; oranges and citrons are also cultivated.
Until recently there were restrictions on the import of bananas to Greece, therefore bananas were grown on the island, predominantly in greenhouses. Dairy products are important to the local economy and there are a number of speciality cheeses such as mizithra , anthotyros , and kefalotyri. Transport infrastructure The island has three significant airports, Nikos Kazantzakis at Heraklion , the Daskalogiannis airport at Chania and a smaller one in Sitia.
Ancient greek sites crete
Also known as the Minoan Civilization, named for the legendary King Minos. Like all White writers of history, he struggles to tell Black history, without actually mentioning Black people. But since many of his factual observations are accurate, we begin with these excerpts from his book.
But a portion of the conquerors follow their old habits of life as pastoralists and hunters, and occupy the grazing-lands round the valley and among the hills, where they find a new Olympus for their gods.
Plakias team members at work in the lab. Research The survey found more than 2, stone artifacts found including hand axes made of quartz and identified with the Palaeolithic period—dating back at least , years. Mesolithic tools 11, B. Stone tools found on Crete suggest pre-Homo sapiens traveled to islands in the Mediterranean much earlier than previously recorded. The tools would have been produced during the early phases of the Stone Age by pre-Homo sapiens ancestors who arrived on Crete by sea.
The excavation at Damnoni 3 has uncovered the first stratified Mesolithic site on Crete. Significance These findings may push the history of seafaring in the Mediterranean back by more than , years and have implications on the colonization of Europe and beyond by early African hominins, our pre-Homo sapiens ancestors.
The view that Europe and Asia were peopled exclusively by land needs to be rethought. Location Southwestern coast of Crete near the town of Plakias, which faces Libya, more than miles to the south across the Mediterranean Sea. Methods The team of archeologists and geologists sought out areas on Crete that presented similar environmental features—including access to fresh water, caves and rock shelters suitable for habitation—to sites on the Greek mainland where early artifacts were found.
Tectonic uplift and soil studies used to date the artifacts.
Palaeolithic cave art from Crete, Greece
Discussions of dispersals of early hominins from Africa assume that Southwest Asia and the Arabian Peninsula were the primary passageways for migrations to Eurasia. The Mediterranean is usually viewed as a barrier to early hominin movements because pre-sapiens hominins were thought to lack the technical means or the cognitive skills to construct boats.
The discovery of early Palaeolithic artefacts in an archaeological survey on the Greek island of Crete challenges this view. Here we show that Palaeolithic artefacts in the Plakias region in southwestern Crete are associated with geological contexts that can be dated to the late Middle or early Late Pleistocene. Because Crete has been separated from the mainland throughout the Pleistocene, the presence of Pleistocene age artefacts there suggests that early hominins were able to cross open water.
The Spirit Cave mummy is the oldest human mummy found in North America.
PREFACE This volume deals with the myths and legends connected with the ancient civilization of Crete, and also with the rise and growth of the civilization itself, while consideration is given to various fascinating and important problems that arise in the course of investigating pre-Hellenic habits of thought and habits of life, which are found to have exercised a marked influence in the early history of Europe. It is shown that these civilizations were not, however, contemporary, but separated by thousands of years, and that in accounting for close resemblances the modern dogma of independent evolution is put to a severe test.
The data summarized in the Introduction emphasize the need for caution in attempting to solve a complex problem by the application of a hypothesis which may account for some resemblances but fails to explain away the marked differences that existed even between contemporary civilizations of the Neolithic, Copper, and Bronze Ages.
Footnotes provide the necessary references. Consideration is also given, in dealing with Cretan origins, to Schliemann’s hypothesis regarding the “Lost Atlantis”, and the connection he believed existed between the Mexican, early European, and Nilotic civilizations. It is brought out that the historical elements in Plato’s legend are susceptible of a different explanation.